Turkey says it is determined to secure its southern border.
Tensions have increased along Turkey’s border with northern Syria.
The defence ministry says its forces have hit nearly 500 targets in Kurdish-held areas since Sunday.
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Turkey is also reporting casualties among fighters from the SDF – the Syrian Democratic Forces.
The strikes follow a bombing in Istanbul on November 13, for which the government blames the outlawed Kurdish group, the PKK.
Ankara says it is targeting bases in Syria belonging to the YPG, a Kurdish group with links to the PKK.
Since 2016, Turkish forces have conducted three ground operations to clear out YPG fighters from northern Syria.
Now President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is promising to launch another military operation.
Who are the major players in this offensive?
Presenter: Adrian Finighan
Galip Dalay – Non-resident Senior Fellow at the Middle East Council on Global Affairs
Mahjoob Zweiri – Director of the Gulf Studies Center at Qatar University
Lawrence Korb – Former US Assistant Secretary of Defense and and Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress